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Archeologists seeking to recognize structure of Hegmataneh site

Tehran, Archeologists in the 20th and 21st seasons of archeological explorations in Hegmataneh site made efforts to recognize fortifications, the foundation and structure of enclosure of the complex in the eastern and northeastern side of the complex which has suffered a series of consecutive destruction.

The Public Relations Office of the Research Institute of Cultural Heritage and Tourism (RICHT) quoted head of the archeology team Rahim Ranjbaran as saying on Monday that the explorations have been conducted by the Iranian archeologists and the last season (21st season) has been completed.

He noted that since in the aforementioned seasons a coherent exploration had not been conducted in the eastern side of the site and in line with the remaining of its tower and fortifications, the research work intends to recognize the fortifications, the foundation and structure of the enclosure of the complex in the eastern and northeastern side.

He reiterated that other important purposes of the explorations in the 20th and 21st seasons is recognition of the position of stratigraphy of the adobes of the tower and fortifications in the historic eras and identification of the extent of cuttings, change in application and destruction of its works in the later Islamic centuries and recent decades as well as survey of the stratigraphy, dimensions, texture of the adobes and its relationship and similarity with other adobes in the site in terms of time and function.

The archeologist further remarked that in this regard and considering the networking conducted in 10x10 meter dimensions by the mapping device, some 13 trenches were made in the eastern and northeastern side of the site with different sizes and parallel with the remains of the tower and fortifications.

According to him, the results of the research show that due to the successive destruction and construction that has been made in the eastern and northeastern side of the site, there is no possibility to accurately recognize the application and structure of the tower and fortifications.

Referring to the point that the destruction has led to the complete removal of the entire remains of the tower and fortifications in the eastern and northeastern side of the site in an area of about 2000 meters, he said however, with regard to the excavations carried out brief evidence of the continuity of the tower and fortifications in some of the trenches which have been explored could be followed up.

The head of the archaeology team said the adobe remains discovered in AS35? AS37 and AT36 trenches and adobe remains obtained from AQR31and AS31.32 trenches which are located in the extreme northeastern point of the site, are similar and there is an outstanding similarity among them in terms of texture, composition and mortar.

Ranjbaran said that the evidence shows that the adobes belonged to the historic era which has been obtained after construction and destruction of the contemporary century.

The archaeologist added that the adobes collected from the trenches are comparable with the adobes of the remains of the tower in the northern side of the site and the adobes obtained from the central and main trenches of Hegmataneh site.

He said the majority of the simple and glazed pottery collected in the above-mentioned explorations belongs to the later Islamic century and the Safavid up to the Qajar periods. However, he added, little evidence was discovered in the explored trenches of the pottery belonging to the historic era which shows their concurrence with the adobes of the fortifications.

Source: Islamic Republic News Agency - IRNA


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