Democracy, speech feedom, necessities for tansparency
Tehran, Speech freedom is one of the most important human rights and is an inseparable part of a democratic system.
Speech freedom is in a mutual relationship with democracy; that is, on one hand, speech freedom is realized in a democratic system and on the other hand, democracy can find its meaning in the light of speech freedom.
Reporters, as the executioners of a democratic system are responsible for keeping the balance and organic relationship between speech freedom and democracy.
One key role played by reporters is that they are intermediators between people and government: they hear the problems faced by people and present them the answers given by the authorities.
In a free press environment, many corruptions cannot grow into bigger problems and many corruptions, interests,intermediations, etc. are prevented during the demanding sessions held by reporters. Both governments of Hassan Rouhani Islamic Republic of Iran, given their approach in supporting speech freedom (and the fact that freedom together with food and gun are considered as three major pillars of security), have prepared the prominent enactment of press society that after 5 years, is still under consideration and revisions by government cultural commission.
Reporters tolerate the most difficult conditions and sometimes violence in order to present the realities to the society and protect this prominent position in securing the people's rights. These transparency arena warriors write about people's problems, but there is no one to write about their problems. Many reporters have lost their lives during these missions. In a report by UNESCO in 2017, it was revealed that more than 827 reporters have dried during their duty times. August 8th, (Mordad17th) is Reporters Day and is the result of struggles and endeavors of reporters during the history of Iran, who have played their role along with the people in milestones such as the Islamic Revolution, the Iran-Iraq War and various political periods.
Now, in this vicissitudinous period, August 8th, 1998 (Mordad17th, 1377) cannot be forgotten by media reporters, the day when Mahmood Saremi, Islamic Republic of Iran's reporter was killed by Taliban terrorist group in Mazar Sharif and it is the reason why August 8th is the Reporters Day.
UNESCO has always supported the reporters and celebrates press freedom on May 3rd or the International Day to End Impunity for Crimes against Journalists on November 2nd. These celebrations can function as a tool to support and execute the UN program for securing reporters and create a dynamic and creative media in order to promote freedom of expression, media development and access to information and knowledge (the 9thmid-term strategy of UNESCO between 2014 and 2021).
*Amin Saneey Mehri, the Director of Public Relations in the Revival Fund for Cultural and Historic Sites affiliated to ICHTO
Source: Islamic Republic News Agency - IRNA