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In UNGA, Rouhani foiled Trump attempt to isolate Iran

A distinguished professor for Diplomacy and Disarmament at Jawaharlal Nehru University believes that President Trump's speech at the 73rd session of UNGA was spun on isolating Iran but President Hassan Rouhani responded to each of his points.

In an exclusive interview with IRNA here on the issues raised by the Iranian and the US presidents during the ongoing session of the UN General Assembly, Professor Dr. Swaran Singh said: On Tuesday, the UN General Assembly witnessed Presidents of the United States and the Islamic Republic of Iran describing each other in rather harsh terms.

'While, Trump's annual speech was inordinately spun around the singular issue of 'isolating' Iran, President Rouhani responded to each of his points, yet he underlined how Tehran did not want a war. But, given Trump's track record and compulsions of his domestic mid-term Congressional elections, he is most likely to continue ratcheting up 'maximum pressure' paradigm that now guides the US foreign relations.

Elaborating on Trump's destructive foreign policy, the seasoned analyst of the world affairs said: In last one year, the United States under President Trump has already withdrawn from the Paris Climate Change Treaty, the Trans-Pacific Partnership, The UN Human Rights Council, and the Iran Nuclear Deal of 2015, and president Trump has threatened to leave World Trade Organisation, North Atlantic Treaty Organisation and withdraw from other security arrangements including those with South Korea.

'While the US move does have rattling impact on these international institutions, it also promises to enhance America's irrelevance to the global governance. Audience response during Trump's Tuesday speech at UN General Assembly could be an indicator.

Terming Iran's cooperation as the most important factor to ensure peace and stability in the Middle-East, Professor Swaran Singh said: Today, Iran stands out in the Middle East as the only country not on the side of the United States. Experts also sometime divide the region on the ethno-religious lines. But, in Middle East, Iran also stands out as one of the oldest continuous civilisation like India. Today, it is the second largest both in terms of area and population.

'So, American Middle-East policy can never be at peace till it has achieved a pro-US regime in Tehran. Moreover, Israel has always been a major driver of the US Middle-East policy and this has been especially true of the current Trump dispensation that has taken unprecedented decisions like shifting its diplomatic Mission from Tel Aviv to Jerusalem thus rattling long dormant sensitivities of people across the region.

Perhaps, this is because discovery of Shale Gas has reduced the US dependence on the Middle-East gas and oil. But, Trump's ratcheting up of sanctions rhetoric against Iran, and those doing business with Iran, does not reflect any decrease in the US interest in the Middle-East. Indeed, its reduced dependence may have bolstered its bold interventions, thus, complicating geopolitical equations in the Middle-East where Iran and Palestine have been on the receiving end of Trump's self-celebrated 'maximum pressure' tactics. The only way to relief is to raise some other issues that can distract Trump's macho-politics, he added.

Terming the US withdrawal from the Iran nuclear deal as detrimental for not only the whole world but also for the US, he said: Iran Nuclear Deal of 2015 is a multilateral Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) that was achieved after long and arduous diplomatic negotiations. When in May this year President Trump announced US withdrawal from JCPOA the other seven members continued their trust in the process and this clearly marked a dent in the much-hyped US global leadership in the field of nuclear nonproliferation.

The JCPOA has no provisions to be altered through bilateral negotiations. Rightly so, the US has all the rights as a signatory to JCPOA to raise its questions and concerns while staying inside that mechanism. But President Trump appears in no mood to revoke his withdrawal which implies again additional costs and hurdles to the implementation of the JCPOA. But, even in its worst outcome, the JCPOA will not be the first nonproliferation efforts to stay dormant and become dysfunctional. And, surely the costs of such an outcome will not be for Iran alone.

Source: Islamic Republic News Agency - IRNA


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