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Iran’s president slams US unilateralism

Qingdao, China, Visiting Iranian President Hassan Rouhani here on Sunday said the United States' unilateral sanctions are hindering the trend of international legal trades.

Addressing the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) Summit currently underway in Qingdao, China, President Rouhani described the US endeavors for imposing its policies on others as an increasing danger.

To have a safer, more stable, developed and prosperous region, long-term common interests should be the basis of interactions at the regional level, President Rouhani said.

The Islamic Republic of Iran, as an independent and secure partner, is ready to expand its economic cooperation in the region and across the globe, he stressed.

The Iranian president went on to refer to challenges faced by the global community, saying the SCO member states have come together at a time the global community is facing various and unprecedented challenges both on international, regional and national levels.

President Rouhani said that at an international level, the global community is facing an array of challenges, ranging from unilateralism, terrorism, extremism to the weakening of international organizations and agreements, while he stressed that at a regional level countries are witnessing extraterritorial interventions and deterioration of mechanisms set to promote further engagements and integration among nations based on their common interests.

He urged countries try to foster close regional cooperation in order to address regional challenges.

The heads of eight member states - China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Russia, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan, India, and Pakistan - as well as those of the four observer states- Afghanistan, Belarus, Iran, and Mongolia are participating in the summit.

The Iranian president is attending the 18th SCO summit upon an invitation by his Chinese counterpart Xi Jinping.

Some senior officials, such as the Foreign Minister Mohammad-Javad Zarif, Oil Minister Bijan Zangeneh, and Minister of Economy Masoud Karbasian are accompanying President Rouhani in his visit. On the sidelines of the summit, Rouhani will also meet the leaders of some member states and international organizations.

Full text of President Rouhani's address as appeared on the website of Presidential Office, president.ir, is as follows:

In the Name of Allah, the Most Beneficent, the Most Merciful

Your Excellency Mr Xi Jinping, honorable President of the People's Republic of China;

Distinguished Presidents;

Honorable Prime Ministers;

Ladies and gentlemen;

At the outset, I would like to express my gratitude to Mr Xi Jinping, President of the friend country of the People's Republic of China, for his warm hospitality and proper planning for holding this summit.

The 18th Shanghai Cooperation Organization Summit is held at a time when the international community faces many unprecedented challenges: at the international level, the challenge of unilateralism, terrorism, extremism, the reduction of the role of international organizations and treaties; at the regional level, the challenge of transnational actors' interference and the weakening of interaction and interconnectedness mechanisms based on common interests, and finally, at the national level, the challenge of interference and internal threats, which, from time to time, attack the security, political, economic and cultural infrastructures of the countries.

To counter these challenges at the regional level, we require closes regional cooperation in different fields. The ample commonalities, and not racial, religious, cultural and historical points of divergence; and long-term common interests, not attempt to secure short-term interests at the expense of others, especially neighbors, must be the base for interaction and cooperation at the regional level so that we can have more secure, instable and developed region.

Poverty and underdevelopment are among the causes that lead to insecurity, instability and spread of terrorism and extremism in the region. At the same time, all-out development and cooperation and preventing damage to international trade and having legitimate economic relations based on irrelevant political considerations are definitely necessary to achieve this common goal and lead to balanced and sustainable development.

Here, I see it necessary to stress that unilateral sanctions are not only against international rules and regulations, but also damage legitimate international trade. In this regard, energy security and non-political approach to it is a must for regional and global development and it is essential that the international community stand up to abuse of energy.

Without a doubt, economic, political and legal unilateralism undermines regional convergence. In this regard, the United States' attempts to impose its own policies on others are a growing danger. A recent example of the United States' unilateralism and indifference towards the opinions of the international community is its decisions to withdraw from the JCPOA. The Islamic Republic of Iran has so far lived up to all his commitments under the JCPOA and the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) has so far confirmed my country's commitment to its obligations for 11 times.

All signatories to the JCPOA have a responsibility regarding the commitments of removing sanctions under the JCPOA, and also based on Resolution 2231 of the UN Security Council and Article 25 of the Charter of the United Nations are responsible to help full implementation of the JCOPA and prevent any move that poses an obstacle on implementation of the JCPOA.

The Islamic Republic of Iran has given a limited opportunity to remaining signatories to the JCPOA so that they can give the necessary guarantee in action to help implement all the agreed conditions in the JCPOA and continue being a party to this agreement. Definitely, the US has monitored the reactions to its withdrawal from the JCPOA and considers the lack of response to its unilateral withdrawal as not being costly, which will have very bad consequences for the international community.

Here, I would like to welcome efforts by Russia and China in maintaining the JCPOA.

Ladies and Gentlemen;

Over the past few years, terrorism, separatism and extremism have struck different regions of the world, especially our surroundings including Central Asia and Western Asia. By taking advantage of the intelligence gap which exists among regional countries, terrorist groups they have created networks and recruited new troops. Therefore, an increase in intelligence exchange between the countries of the region can play a role in weakening terrorist groups and their efforts to create regional networks. Hence, we need to draw up new mechanisms and offer new legal methods in order to counter these groups.

Over the past decades, the Islamic Republic of Iran has faced with the scourge of terrorism both in the country and its surrounding regions and has invaluable experience in curtailing and weakening of extremist and terrorist currents, an example of which is cooperating with the government of Iraq and Syria in fighting ISIS terrorist. On the other hand, by relying on its valuable experiences over the past years, the Shanghai Cooperation Organization has offered good solutions to multifaceted challenges facing the region. The Islamic Republic of Iran is ready to cooperate with SCO in the fight against terrorism, extremism, separatism and drugs.

Excellencies;

Iran's strategic situation connecting North in the east umbrella stand it has created opportunities and strategic position Iran can be seen as an independent and reliable partner for promotion original international economic cooperation thank you

Iran's strategic position in linking the East to the West from one side, and the North to the South on the other side, is a very good opportunity to take advantage of port facilities in the Persian Gulf and the Sea of Oman, as well as the transportation rail network in the country to link East Asia to Central Asia and Europe through the North-South and South-West corridor. Iran is aware of its role in establishing peace and security and development in the region and, regarding its considerable potentials such as its young and educated population, rich energy sources, countless mines, and its strategic location, is ready to develop regional and International economic cooperation as an independent and reliable partner.

Thank you

Source: Islamic Republic News Agency - IRNA


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