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Foreign Affairs

JCPOAoriented mission of German FM in Tehran

Tehran, The German Foreign Minister Heiko Maas is heading to Iran to save Iran nuclear deal, which Berlin and other members of the European Union are voicing concern about due to increased tensions between Iran and the United States as well as Tehran's reciprocal action visavis the JCPOA.

In recent days, some foreign and domestic media outlets have announced the impending trip by the German foreign minister to Iran; a visit will take place on June 10 and Maas will meet with his Iranian counterpart, as well as President Hassan Rouhani.

While Iran's foreign ministry spokesman Seyyed Abbas Mousavi said the German FM is seeking to examine bilateral relations between Iran and Germany, pursue the most important regional and international issues, as well as the latest developments concerning the JCPOA in his oneday visit, but the German foreign ministry has different look at the issue.

The spokeswoman for the German Foreign Ministry Maria Adebahr's pointing to Mass' other destinations, including the UAE and Jordan, raises the mediation and efforts to reduce tensions.

Earlier, Germany, along with countries such as Japan, Iraq, Oman and Pakistan, was deemed as a mediator in ending the recent tensions between Iran and the United States.

Of course, Maas' trip to Iran is scheduled after coordination with other EU members, especially the British and French authorities, and the German Foreign Ministry is not afraid to say this. The spokeswoman for the ministry referred to this agreement and coordination on the eve of the trip to Iran.

Meanwhile, the German Foreign Minister's visit to Iran is done after his meeting with US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo. Masa met with his American counterpart a few days ago (May 31) in Berlin and talked to him about Iran and the developments in the region. One of the most important issues in that meeting was the "INSTEX" mechanism, which 'we witness a kind of retreat by the American official".

While in Germany, Pompeo accepted the financial mechanism of Iran and Europe conditionally and, in talks with his German counterpart, emphasized that the United States had no problem with the launching of the INSTEX, provided that the exchanges with Tehran included humanitarian assistance and the traded goods were also licensed.

This flexibility and retreat of the Americans took place after the recent tensions between Tehran and Washington have increased significantly in recent weeks. The United States, on the one hand, sends its flotilla to the Persian Gulf, and on the other hand, White House officials are softly talking about negotiating with Iran; negotiations that, in the eyes of the Iranian authorities, only can be realized via the JCPOA and the United States to return to the agreement.

Overall, the growing tensions between Iran and the United States have sparked concern at the Brussels that they try to prevent a major and serious crisis.

An example of this can be seen on Monday, May 13, at Brussels meeting, which was held in the presence of foreign ministers of Germany, France and Britain, and had an uninvited guest. This uninvited guest was Pompeo, delaying a visit to Moscow to meet with Russian officials for one day, and was swiftly heading to Belgium. During the meeting, the EU leaders and the authorities conveyed this message to the White House with clear and transparent statements that Europe is still committed to the JCPOA.

In addition to stressing the implementation of INSTEX in the coming weeks, Federica Mogherini, the EU's foreign policy chief, underscored the need for EU's adherence, and emphasized that the EU and its allies are strongly determined to fully implement the nuclear deal with Iran.

From the viewpoint of the observers, the coldness of the European Troika encounter with Pompeo at the Brussels meeting and their emphasis on the necessity of full commitment to the JCPOA and the implementation of the INSTEX in the near future is directly related to Iran's countermeasures towards the nuclear deal.

Because Iran halted implementing some of the nuclear deal clauses, including those related to the storage of uranium and heavy water, few days before the Brussels summit on the occasion of the first anniversary of the US withdrawal from the JCPOA. Meanwhile, Tehran has given the European Union a twomonth moratorium to meet its commitments, otherwise, Iran will again reduce its commitments.

Experts believe that by endangering the JCPOA Iran caused Europe to understand the economic importance of a nuclear deal and more importantly its political and security significance.

It was in this regard that, in midMay, the EU officials, including the German Foreign Minister, were worried about the growing tensions between Iran and the United States, as well as the failure of the JCPOA, and Maas said that he was talking with other counterparts from the Union, noting, "we do not expect Iran to get out of the JCPOA".

Source: Islamic Republic News Agency IRNA


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