Migration still remains poorly managed: UN chief
New York United Nations Secretary General Antonio Guterres said on Thursday that although migration powers economic growth, reduces inequalities and connects diverse societies, it still remains poorly managed golablly.
He made the remarks while presenting the report Making Migration Work for All in the UN General Assembly on Thursday.
The full text of the statement reads as follows:
Mr. President of the General Assembly,
Ladies and gentlemen,
I am pleased to be with you to present the report, Making Migration Work For All.
This serves as my principal input to the zero draft of the Global Compact for Safe, Orderly and Regular Migration.
The adoption of this Compact stands as one of our most important collective priorities for 2018.
As we look forward to the zero draft, I would like to commend your efforts to date under the wise stewardship of Mexico and Switzerland, aided by the President of the General Assembly and my Special Representative, Louise Arbour.
We have an opportunity to fashion, for the first time, a truly global response to migration.
It is an opportunity to maximize the contribution that millions of migrants are already making to our societies and to agree a set of actions to ensure that the rights of all migrants are fully respected.
My report describes the reality of migration today.
It outlines what a system of safe, orderly and regular migration could realistically look like.
It identifies key challenges and possible solutions.
And it calls for more concerted collective action to deal with the unbearable limbo in which many migrants find themselves trapped.
Let me emphasize: migration is a positive global phenomenon.
It powers economic growth, reduces inequalities, connects diverse societies and helps us ride the demographic waves of population growth and decline.
Yet it is also a source of political tensions and human tragedies.
The majority of migrants live and work legally.
But many live in the shadows, unprotected by the law and unable to contribute fully to society.
And a desperate minority put their lives at risk to enter countries where they face suspicion and abuse.
Globally, migration remains poorly managed.
The impact can be seen in the humanitarian crises affecting people on the move; and in the human rights violations suffered by those living in slavery or enduring degrading work conditions.
It can be seen, too, in the political impact of public perception that wrongly sees migration as out of control.
The consequences include increased mistrust and policies aimed more at stopping than facilitating human movement.
In my report, I call for us to focus on the overwhelming positives of migration and to use facts not prejudice as the basis for addressing its challenges.
Above all, I urge a respectful discourse that places our collective humanity at the center of the debate.
Migrants make a major contribution to international development � both by their work and by sending remittances to their home countries.
Remittances added up to nearly $600 billion last year, three times all development aid.
The fundamental challenge is to maximize the benefits of this orderly, productive form of migration while stamping out the abuses and prejudice that make life hell for a minority of migrants.
States need to strengthen the rule of law underpinning how they manage and protect migrants � for the benefit of their economies, their societies and migrants themselves.
Authorities that erect major obstacles to migration � or place severe restrictions on migrants' work opportunities � inflict needless economic self-harm, as they impose barriers to having their labor needs met in an orderly, legal fashion.
Worse still, they unintentionally encourage illegal migration.
Aspiring migrants, denied legal pathways to travel, inevitably fall back on irregular methods. This not only puts them in vulnerable positions, but also undermines governments' authority.
The best way to end the stigma of illegality and abuse around migrants is, in fact, for governments to put in place more legal pathways for migration.
Source: Islamic Republic News Agency