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Signs of US retreat from pugnacity with Iran

Tehran, Washington's growing and worrying tensions over Tehran have plummeted in recent days, as we witness more flexible positions by the White House officials; decrease in the verbal abuses by Trump team and the conditional acceptance of INSTEX are among these signs.

In spite of the continuing hostility towards Iran, over the past few days the US government has reduced the number of threatening measures and violent rhetoric, one of which is the stance taken by Secretary of State Mike Pompeo on May 31.

In a trip to Germany where he met with officials of the important European country, Pompeo devoted part of his talks with the leaders of Berlin on the subject of Iran. But the point that attracted the attention of the media and officials of the world was Pompeo's soft attitude towards IranEU relations and the implementation of the INSTEX.

Trump's secretary of state accepts the financial mechanism of Iran and Europe conditionally, despite the severe sanctions and the US' maximum pressure on Iran. Pompeo, in talks with his German counterpart, Haiku Moss, stressed that the US did not have a problem with the launching of INSTEX, provided that exchanges with Tehran include humanitarian assistance and the traded goods are also licensed.

After the US left the JCPOA, Europeans used all their efforts to neutralize sanctions and put forward a number of mechanisms. The Special Purpose Vehicle (SPV) was one of the mechanisms that the European Troika (Germany, France, and the United Kingdom) raised last November. After several postponements to the implementation of the mechanism, it was not clear what problems caused the replacement of PSV with INSTEX.

About three months later, in February, the foreign ministers of the three European member states of the JCPOA unveiled a mechanism of the INSTEX (a tool of supporting trade exchanges) that was expected to remove barriers to trade between Iran and Europe. The mechanism is set to work as a plan to circumvent the US sanctions via barter, in order to open the way for exchanges and cooperation between smalland mediumsized companies that have less economic integration with the United States.

Also, based on the INSTEX, Iran and Europe will trade without using the dollar and after goods after are safe from the US sanctions. Of course, the INSTEX will be active only in the field of basic medicines, food and agricultural products, to gradually include other goods. Union leaders also expressed their hope that after the implementation of this mechanism, other European countries, and even China and Russia, will join it.

The persistent procrastination of the European continent in the implementation of the INSTEX led the authorities of the Islamic Republic to achieve a similar mechanism with the regional allies like Russia, Iraq, China and Turkey to reduce the effectiveness of the US sanctions.

In addition to announcing the news by Mohammad Nahavandian, the vice president for economic affairs on April 21, Foreign Minister Mohammad Javad Zarif also discussed the creation of similar mechanisms in Ankara during his visit to Turkey, in talks with Ankara officials.

In the past days, Trump's team, along with the reduction of verbal abuse, as well as conditioning the INSTEX, has tried to focus on the issue of "the risk of Iran's acquisition of nuclear weapons".

Few days ago, Trump during a visit to Japan, while welcoming again the negotiation with Iran, noted, "We are not looking for a regime change in Iran," he said. "We are looking for Iran not to have a nuclear weapon."

Similar positions, of course, with different literature were expressed by Pompeo in his visit to Germany on Friday and Pompeo called pressure on Iran to prevent Iran from acquiring weapons and nuclear weapons.

The adoption of Iranophobic policies and highlighting Iran comes at a time when the United States is the only country in the World War II used atomic bombs and with bombarding Hiroshima and Nagasaki killed several hundred thousand people.

But officials of the Islamic Republic of Iran, according to custom and religion, are opposed to the construction and use of atomic weapons. In this regard, recently, the Foreign Minister of our country wrote on Twitter that the Supreme Leader, many years ago, banned the acquisition and use of nuclear weapons by the Islamic Republic.

Also recently, Mahmoud Sadeqi, MP, following the statements by the Supreme Leader on prohibiting nuclear weapons, announced the plan to "ban the construction of a nuclear weapon" that is to be presented to the parliament; a plan that will send this message to the world that Iran is not seeking to acquire nuclear weapons, nor agree with other countries to acquire such weapons of mass destruction.

Source: Islamic Republic News Agency IRNA

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