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US Supreme Court to Weigh Trump’s Travel Ban

SUPREME COURT

After an intense oral argument over President Donald Trump's travel ban Wednesday, the U.S. Supreme Court is expected to answer in June whether or not the executive order exceeded the authority the president has over immigration.

The challengers in Trump v. Hawaii have said that Congress created a system of laws that address the security concerns the president addressed in his executive order limiting travel from certain countries. Solicitor General Noel J. Francisco told the justices the president is well within his power to issue the proclamation after a worldwide multi-agency review.

The president's acting Homeland Security Secretary recommended that he adopt entry restrictions on countries that failed to provide the minimum baseline of information needed to vet their nationals, Francisco explained.

Neal Katyal, arguing on behalf of the respondents, said the executive order is unlawful because it conflicts with laws set by Congress, violates the first amendment, and defies the bar on nationality.

Congress has already specified a three-part solution to the very same problem the order addresses. Aliens have to go through the individualized vetting process When countries cooperated, they'd get extra credit, a track faster track for admission. Congress was aware circumstances could change on the ground, so it required reporting to them so it could change the law, Katyal said.

The nine justices will try to answer four questions on their upcoming June ruling: Did the president act within his authority under the Immigration Nationality Act? Does the proclamation violate the First Amendment's Establishment Clause which prohibits the government from favoring one religion over another? Can the federal courts hear the plaintiffs' case? Did the lower courts make a mistake in issuing a nationwide injunction?

If the court does decide in favor of the government in June, it would be a big boost to the Trump administration's efforts to cut down legal immigration

Source: Voice of America


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